7 Most Common Dog Surgeries and Their Purpose

Published on 2022-10-07
7 Most Common Dog Surgeries and Their Purpose

Dogs are susceptible to several health problems that can be difficult to treat. Unhealthy dogs can also have serious behavioral issues that can’t be fixed on their own. These may include aggression towards people and other animals, or chronic biting.

For this reason, treating your dog’s health issues on time is imperative. But there are several diseases and health conditions that cannot be treated without surgery. So, in such a case, performing necessary dog surgeries is important to save your dog’s life.

You should also seek veterinary treatment if your dog gets injured in any way, even accidentally. This includes cuts, burns, and broken limbs. Untreated animal injuries can result in severe complications that are not apparent in the early stages.

In this article, you’ll learn about the most common dog surgeries that are necessary to save your dog’s life. So, let’s begin!

Most Common Types of Dog Surgeries

There are many types of dog surgeries to address various health issues. However, on a broader level, there are two categories of surgery:

•    Elective Surgery

Elective surgery is the one you intend to have for treatment, improving your dog’s quality of life, or cosmetic reasons. Another term to briefly describe it is “non-emergency surgery” that you can schedule in advance. Many people will agree that saving a dog’s life is easier when the animal hasn’t suffered too much already.

•    Emergency Surgery
Emergency surgery is typically done to treat an urgent medical condition, such as to treat a cut or bruise.

It’s great that veterinary practices now have the capability to perform lifesaving surgery on sick animals. 

Let’s discuss some of the common dog surgeries.

1.   Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a useful surgical technique, including both the diagnosis and the treatment of dogs’ joints. Veterinarians use this technique to repair the displaced and fractured shoulder and knee joints of dogs.

In this surgery, the veterinarian sees the condition of the impacted joint and recommends appropriate treatment according to the condition.

The treatment requires post-operative care after surgery to avoid any major complications. In addition, administering appropriate medications to your pet following the surgical procedure can hasten and smooth the healing process.

2.   Nephrectomy

Nephrectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the kidney and linked ureter. Veterinarians use the technique to treat ureter and kidney conditions permanently. The treatment cures chronic infections, ureteral abnormalities, cancer, and many other conditions. 

Initially, the veterinarians will diagnose the dog’s condition and plan the treatment accordingly. After assessing the dog’s condition, the expert will recommend the invasive procedure. 

The recovery step is more important than the surgery itself. First, veterinarians provide painkillers to dogs to prevent the post-operative pain of the surgery. To fully recover, the patient will need to remain under observation and attend appointments.

3.   Cystotomy

Cystotomy is a surgical procedure to create a wall opening in the urinary bladder. In most cases, the cystotomy procedure takes about 45 minutes. Furthermore, this time period includes the preparation for the pet surgery, including anesthesia.

The typical duration of a cystostomy is 2 to 3 days. However, it can vary depending on the dog’s health and the reason for the surgical procedure.

4.   Caudectomy

Caudectomy is one of the most efficient dog surgeries to remove the screw-tail, ingrown tail, and corkscrew tail. The problem occurs due to the anatomical malformation that causes the curling of the tail. This happens in most dog breeds, including French Bulldogs, English Bulldogs, Pugs, and Boston Terriers.

Usually, surgeons do it within 3 to 5 days after the puppy’s birth. There is no post-operative care required for tail docking. Besides that, it is critical to determine whether or not the organs are functioning properly. A veterinarian may recommend an Elizabethan collar to prevent the dog from biting and licking its tail.

5.   Bulla Osteotomy

There are many types of animal surgeries to treat issues with the ears, but bulla osteotomy is recommended to remove the infectious portion of the dog’s ear. However, it can be critical to leave the infection untreated as its continual growth can make it more complicated.

Following the surgical procedure, the surgeon administers oral antibiotics, bandaging, and pain medication. Similarly, veterinarians recommend the Elizabethan collar to protect the incision from injury or scratches.

6.   Ear Tumor Removal

Tumors can grow abnormally in any part of the external, middle, or inner ear canal. There are two types of ear canal tumors, known as benign and malignant. Non-cancerous tumors do not spread, while malignant tumors can spread to nearby tissues and other parts of the body.

Ceruminous gland adenomas and adenocarcinomas are the most common external ear canal tumors in dogs. Chronic or long-term inflammation of the ear canal is the most common cause of ear tumors. It can be hereditary or generic, but German Shepherds and Cocker Spaniels are at a higher risk of developing these tumors.

After properly examining the issue, the veterinarian will provide the proper treatment for the removal of the ear canal tumor. The treatment depends on the age, health condition, type, and location of the tumor.  

7.   Perineal Hernia Surgery

Veterinarians recommend perineal hernia surgery due to strained bowel movements. In this condition, the dog has constipation, swelling in the anal region, and may experience appetite loss. During this time, the dog will strain while urinating, the small intestine will become stuck in the hernial sac, and the blood supply will become irregular.

The operator will thoroughly diagnose the condition with rectal palpation. Following treatment, the surgeon will recommend putting Metamucil in your pet's food to soften the stool so that they can pass it easily.

Above all, pain relief medication is necessary to alleviate the patient's discomfort. Aside from that, fitting the dog with an Elizabethan collar can easily help avoid incision licking. 

Wrapping Up

The primary goal of dog surgeries is to cure the health issues that endanger their lives. If you want more information on a particular surgical treatment, then visit Vet and Tech. We provide viable vet resources on pet surgical procedures like the common pet disease, breeds that fall prey to that disease, prevention, and the exact way to treat it. Here you can also get useful info about the exact treatment time of the disease and also the typical recovery time of the disease. Visit the website to obtain more information on surgical treatment. 


What kind of anesthesia do veterinarians use for dog surgeries?

Most veterinarians use isoflurane and sevoflurane during dog surgical operations. These are useful anesthesia to make dogs immobile and unaware.

How to Handle Dogs During Surgical Procedures?

General anesthesia renders your dog unconscious, preventing them from moving or feeling pain. Moreover, your pet needs proper monitoring and care under anesthesia.

Is there any risk involved during dog surgery?

Some veterinary procedures are complex and involve risks. In these situations, take the necessary precautions to avoid any inconvenience that could lead to significant complications.