Balfour Abdominal Retractor Self-Retaining is used to hold tissues apart and lock it in a place. This adjustable instrument allows user to use it by adjusting size instead of buying separate sizes. This is commonly used in laparotomy surgeries of the animals.
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Dogs! What comes to your mind after listening to this word? Playful, loveable, and loyal? Yes! These are the major reasons that these cuties are adored widely. Petting a dog always positively affects the owners' lives and the entire family members.
Several studies and surveys have proved that this creature directly influences children's cognitive, social, and emotional development. Because they promote an active lifestyle. The benefits don't end here! Did you know dogs can detect epileptic seizures up to 45 minutes before they happen? Yes, It's true. This is the reason that approximately 38% of US households have dogs as a pet.
Undoubtedly, having dogs as a pet has immense physical and mental well-being benefits. But, it's also a fact they can carry harmful germs that can make people sick. For instance, pet owners can suffer from various diseases, i.e., minor skin infections to severe illnesses. So, to protect yourself from harmful germs and stay healthy, it’s crucial to understand the safety measures completely.
For instance, according to health care experts, pet owners should thoroughly wash their hands whenever they handle, feed, or clean up the litter box of their dogs. Additionally, it's also imperative to take the pets to the veterinary clinic for a regular medical check-up.
Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)
This disease is caused by a bacteria known as Brucella. One can get infected with Brucellosis by contacting the animals with this disease and using contaminated animal products like raw milk.
How it spreads : The major reasons behind the spread of this disease are the consumption of unpasteurized/raw dairy products. Getting in contact with infected animals or contaminated products and bacteria in skin wounds or mucus membranes could be the other reasons. Animals such as; sheep, dogs, goats, cattle, and pigs are more prone to get infected with Brucellos is.
Capnocytophaga is one of the most common types of bacteria usually found in dogs' and cats' mouths. Both dogs and cats don’t get infected or sick with these bacteria, but they can make people sick.
How it spreads: Rarely people can get in contact with this disease through close contact, bites, or scratches of the infected cats or dogs.
Who is at risk: People with a weak immune system or already suffering from a disease like cancer who don’t have a spleen or are taking medications are more prone to catch the infection.
Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium spp.)
The germ Cryptosporidium, in short Crypto, causes this parasitic disease. This infection is commonly spread accidentally, swallowing stools of infected animals or people.
How it spreads : Crypto spreads through swallowing poop that contains germs or through contaminated food. For instance, if somebody drinks untreated water from ponds or canals, recreational water, or doesn't wash their hands after handling an infected animal, they can get Crypto.
Who is at risk : Crypto can affect anyone, particularly those people w ith weak immune systems or already suffering from severe diseases.
Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum)
The tapeworm is a parasite spread among cats, dogs, and people through the ingestion of infected fleas. It's more common in cats and less in other pets or people.
How it is spread : When a person and particular dog swallow an infected flea, it usually gets infected with the tapeworm. Nevertheless, providing appropriate treatment to pets for fleas can prevent and even reduce the risk of this infection.
Who is at risk : People are at very low risk of getting infected with tapeworm. However, infants or children are more pro ne to exposure to this disease.
Echinococcosis (Echinococcus spp.)
Echinococcosis is not very common in the United States but it can cause several complications. Tiny Echinococcus tapeworms are the major reason behind this disease. Meanwhile, adult Echinococcus tapeworms are only present in dogs and related animals. However, Echinococcus larvae can cause infection in people.
How it spreads : Echinococcosis eggs are found in the dogs’ poop or stool. People get infected with this parasite by consuming or drinking food, contaminated due to the poop of an infected animal. This disease is also spread due to touching the dog’s fur–having the parasite’s eggs. Dogs can also suffer from Echinococcosis by eating the tissue of infected goats or sheep.
Giardia is a parasite found in soil, food, and water contaminated by the stool or poop of the infected animal or people.
How it spreads : This disease is usually caused or spread due to swallowing microscopic poop by coming in contact with an infected person or animal, drinking untreated water or food, contaminated with poop from infected people or pets.
Who is at risk : Dogs are at lower risk of getting infected with Giardia. It's pertinent to mention that the type of parasite that causes illness in people is not the sam e that infects dogs. The following group of people is more prone to exposure to Giardiasis:
Hookworms are small worms that can spread if someone comes in contact with polluted sand or soil.
How it spreads : Walking barefoot, kneeling, or sitting on the contaminated (with the stool of affected animals) ground can cause hookworm infection among people. Meanwhile, dogs can be exposed to this infection after swallowing the parasites or through their mother's milk or colostrum.
Who is at risk : Anyone can get infected with hookworms due to the aforementioned reasons.
Signs in dogs : Sympto ms including weight loss, anemia, and even life-threatening infections may appear in the puppies.
Leptospirosis (Leptospira spp.)
It's a bacterial disease that can make people and animals sick. Bacteria may be found in the urine of various animals, including dogs. Nonetheless, pet owners should vaccinate their dogs against some strains of leptospirosis.
How it spreads : Leptospira is a bacteria that usually spread through the urine of the animals infected with Leptospirosis. Animals that can cause Leptospirosis are rodents, dogs, cattle, pigs, horses, or other wild animals. On the other hand, people catch this infection due to contact with soil or water contaminated with the infected animals' urine and other body fluids.
MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common types of bacteria that normally affect the skin of animals and people. Nonetheless, MRSA Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are antibiotic-resistant and can result in a wide range of infections. Such as; skin or lung infections, pneumonia, and many other problems.
How it spreads : Dogs infected with MRSA can transfer this infection to people. Moreover, it can be spread among animals and people through direct contact.
Who is at risk : Anyone can get an MRSA infection.
Signs in dogs :
Plague (Yersinia pestis)
A plague is caused by a bacteria known as Yersinia pestis, which can cause infection in both animals and people. This infection usually spreads mainly due to fleas in the Western United States. However, they can transfer the bacteria to rodents and other small animals. Therefore, pets, i.e., cats, dogs, and people, can catch this disease if the infected fleas bite them. Additionally, dogs and cats can get ill with the plague and transfer the infection to their owners and other people.
How it spreads : Contacting or touching the plague-infected animals and fl ea bites can cause the infection in people and animals. In addition to this, inhaling the infectious droplets spread due to the coughs of the sick dogs can also cause infection among people.
Ringworm (Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum)
The fungus can cause the infection, commonly known as ringworm, which can directly impact animals and people's nails, skin, and hair.
How it spreads : People or animals who directly contact infected animals can get infected with this disease.
Who is at risk: Anyone can get a ringworm.
Signs in dogs : Most of the time, infected animals or dogs don't show any symptoms of ringworm. However, infected animals may have hair loss symptoms around their ears, legs, or face. In addition, puppies have a higher chance of getting sick.
Roundworms (Toxocara spp.)
Roundworm is a parasite usually present in the intestines of dogs and can result in an infection called toxocariasis.
How it spreads : Most commonly, roundworm eggs are present in the infected dogs' poop. People and animals can be exposed to this disease by swallowing roundworm eggs from a polluted environment (contaminated with dog poop).
Who is at risk : Roundworms can infect anyone.
Signs in dogs : Most commonly infected dogs don't show any typical signs, but some might have dehydration, mild diarrhea, a rough coat, and a pot-bellied appearance.
Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.)
The major cause of Salmonellosis is Salmonella bacteria. This infection spreads through consuming contaminated food. It can also spread from people to people and animals, including dogs.
How it spreads : Most commonly, people become infected after consuming the contaminated food or getting in contact with or touching animal poop. On the other hand, dogs can develop Salmonellosis by eating infected rodents, birds, and raw or contaminated pet food.
Who is at risk : This infection can infect anyone. But infants, children less th an five years old, adults 65 and older, and people who have weakened immune systems or suffering from fatal diseases are at a higher risk of illness.
Stay Healthy Around Pet Dogs
You love dogs and decided to adopt a pet dog. But what's next? As a responsible human being, you must choose the right type of dog that can easily adjust to your family. More importantly, don't forget to visit a veterinarian for a complete checkup of the new addition to your family. Because sometimes, dogs carry germs despite appearing clean and healthy. In this way, you cannot only keep your dogs healthy but can take care of your family's health too. Here are the following precautions that you should take;
- Don't forget to wash your hands with soaps/liquids every time after handling dogs, their foods, water pots, and other supplies.
- After having direct or indirect contact with dog saliva or poop.
- After cleaning the pets and particularly their litter box.
- After gardening, especially if you have created a dog-friendly garden.
- Before you consume food or drink water.
- It's the responsibility of the adult owners to ensure the hand washing of the minors or children under their supervision.
- Always use hand sanitizer in case of unavailability of water or soap.
- The best thing you can do is wear gloves every time you contact the dogs, i.e., cleaning, petting, feeding, etc.
Clean Yourself Up
All the time, we talk about the health and protection of pets. But what precautions are you taking to protect yourself from germs and stay healthy? You should be very cautious about cleaning yourself up, especially after cleaning a dog's litter box, because dogs' poop is the major cause of infectious diseases. Therefore you should;
- Change the litter boxes daily.
- Regardless of whether or not you are using gloves to clean the litter box, you should always wash your hands once done with the cleaning.
- Pregnant women, children, and people with weak immune systems should avoid contact with the dog's saliva, poop, or litter box because they are always at a higher risk of getting infected with several diseases. However, if there's no option, wear disposable gloves and wash your hands every time you contact dogs or their supplies.
- Keep your dog's litter box away from the kitchen, food preparation areas, and importantly children.
Prevent Dog Scratches & Bites
As we have already discussed, various diseases spread among people due to the bites and scratches of dogs. Because they can not only cause pain and injury but also spread germs, no matter if the scratches or bites are deep or not, for instance, you can get infected only if the scratch just breaks the skin's surface. People bitten by dogs should receive medical treatment timely. Dogs usually bite when they are eating, are scared, nervous, not feeling well, and want to be left alone. Here are the following tips that can protect you from dog bites:
- Try to avoid contact with unfamiliar animals. Don't be aggressive and handle them with care even if they seem friendly.
- Suppose you are involved in rough playing with pups and dogs. Then stop doing so! Because rough play can make your pet defensive towards people.
- According to different studies, dogs generally bite when provoked. Therefore, you should avoid rough play, particularly when animals, i.e., dogs, are young.
- While in contact with a new dog, don’t move or run, instead stay till. Which will ultimately make the dog feel comfortable,
- Don’t disturb a dog while he is sleeping, playing with puppies, and more importantly eating.
- If a dog seems sick or angry don’t adopt it or discontinue petting it.
- Do not panic or make loud noises, and never run from a dog.
Care For Dog’s Bites Or Scratches
Bitten or scratched by the dog? If so, then read the following guidelines carefully.
For minor wounds :
Wash the affected area or wound with warm soapy water immediately after being bitten by a dog.
Apply an antibiotic cream.
Use a clean bandage to cover the wound.
For deep wounds :
- First, try to stop bleeding by applying pressure with a clean and dry cloth. Then immediately seek medical treatment.
- If you fail to stop bleeding due to deep wounds, immediately call your local emergency medical services.
Don't be late to seek medical attention If :
- The wound is deep and causes severe pain, or bleeding.
- The wound becomes painful, warm, swollen, or red.
- You are unaware of the dog's vaccination status against rabies.
- The dog appears unclean or sick.
- The wound is serious and becomes painful, warm, swollen, or red.
- You haven't gotten a tetanus shot in the last five years.
How Can You Keep Your Dogs Healthy?
The cleanliness of and the health of your dogs is imperative for your family's health too. So, in this article, I will discuss the complete details about the easy ways to keep your pets clean and healthy.
Before Choosing a Dog
- There are certain types of dogs or puppies available for adoption. But you should always keep in mind that not every type is suitable for your family. In addition, international pet adoption is not recommended due to the higher risk of diseases and infections, particularly when infants, young children, pregnant women, and people suffering from certain health complications or have weak immune systems in your family.
- You must completely understand the appropriate care while adopting a dog. For this purpose, you should consult with the veterinarians or pet store staff about the proper care, food, environment, or other necessary things about the dog you will select.
- Dogs may shed hookworms, roundworms, Giardia, or other germs in their poop. Therefore, experts recommend changing the litter boxes daily. Also, as discussed several times, wash your hands after cleaning the litter box.
Things to Keep in Mind While Choosing a Dog
- Match a dog's personality and, more importantly, the traits with your family and pets you have already owned.
- Always choose a dog that is playful, active, and bright. Ensure that the dogs have soft and shiny fur that doesn't contain poop and debris.
- Ensure that the dog or puppy doesn't have signs such as; abnormal breathing, depression, sluggishness, and fluid running from the nose or eyes.
- After a week or a couple of days of adoption, take your dog or puppy to the veterinarian's clinic for a complete medical checkup.
- If your dog becomes sick or expires soon after purchase or adoption, consult with the veterinarian immediately. Don't forget to inform the rescue organizations, pet stores, and breeders about the death or illness.
How to House Your Dog?
- Make every possible effort to provide a safe, clean, warm, and comfortable place and an environment for the dog to live in. You can also take a health care professional's suggestions for creating and maintaining the environment for your dog.
- If your dog is living outside the house (in the garden), provide shelter according to the weather conditions such as; hot, cold or rainy. Moreover, your dogs must have access to an indoor shelter to stay safe from predators.
- Provide fresh food and water to the pets every day. Wash the dog's water or food dishes regularly.
Monitor Dog's Health
- Take your dog to the veterinarian for a routine medical checkup, which keeps your pet healthy and prevents diseases.
- Follow all directions of the veterinarians and treatments for bacteria, parasites, fleas, ticks, heartworms, etc.
- Clean up any poop or vomit in the house and, more importantly, disinfect that area. Wash your hands immediately after cleaning.
- If you notice any signs of illness or any unusual physical or behavioral changes in your pet, contact immediately with the veterinarian. Sometimes, it might be possible that dogs seem healthy, but they can still transfer germs to people and other animals.
Don't Forget to Get Your Dog Vaccinated
Rabies and feline distemper vaccine is very important for protecting dogs from life-threatening diseases. Also, give the veterinarian complete information about the dog's lifestyle and health.