Resources
Educational Programs

Free research papers, books, videos, and more.

Important Conditions To Perform GDV Correction With Gastropexy

One of the hastily progressive life-threatening conditions is gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). This disease occurs due to the consumption of large meals and dilates the stomach with gas and food. And there comes the point when the pressure on the stomach increases. There are some potential consequences of GDV which include the following:

  • Less blood flow in the stomach lining
  • Rupture of the stomach’s wall
  • Not adequate blood flow from the heart to the abdomen
  • Pressure on the diaphragm does not let the lungs expand and decreases the breathing ability

Gastropexy is painful for the pet as it reduces blood flow. As a result, the toxins will accumulate in stagnating gastric blood. However, causing organ failure and cardiac arrhythmias. The treatment includes evacuating the contents of the stomach to relieve pain. Then de-rotation of the stomach is ideal for eradicating the reoccurrence of GDV.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs of gastropexy are highly linked with abdominal pain, but it includes some other symptoms as well that including the following:

  • Stretching And Standing
  • Drooling
  • Anxious Look
  • Looking At The Abdomen
  • Retching
  • Distending Abdomen

As the disease progresses, the pet will begin to wheeze and have a bloated belly. Even the heart and pulse rate becomes low so, the pet can become ill. Even the capillary refill times become poor. Abdominal distension is common among dogs with GDV.

How Chronic Is Gastric Dilation And Volvulus (GDV)?

Gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) are life-threatening conditions that are common among large-breed dogs and deep-chest dogs. Besides, the common breeds which face the GDV include German Shepherds, Standard Poodles, Irish Setters, Weimaraners, Basset Hounds, and Great Danes.

GDV is lethal without treatment!

The stomach will dilate if the pet has GDV due to the fluid or gas. Also, the stomach will be twisted, resulting in high pressure on the stomach and decreasing the blood flow in the stomach. There are cases when the stomach and spleen get twisted in the stomach. Plus, the blood supply will be highly compromised. The decreased and disrupted blood supply leads to death and other potential effects, including blood pressure and poor health status.

Vital Conditions To Go For Gastropexy Surgical Procedure

There are two main situations when the veterinarian recommends a gastropexy surgical procedure that includes the following:

1)           Prophylactic Gastropexy

This procedure is highly suitable for preventing GDV, and its risk is common among young dogs. Also, the dogs are spayed or neutered at the same time. Unfortunately, prophylactic gastropexy is found among the great Danes’ dog breeds. Thus, the risk rises to 40 percent, and at some point in their life, large chest dogs go through the GDV.

2)           Gastric Dilatation And Volvulus

Those dogs which go through GDV have to be taken in the emergency for the operation. This surgical procedure is done to de-rotate the stomach and the gastropexy tract. So, after making the stomach in a normal position, gastropexy is best to perform and prevents the reoccurrence of the GDV. For instance, the risk of gastropexy reduces up to 55 to 4 percent.

Prevention of GDV

The veterinarian will be tacking the stomach on one side in a gastropexy procedure. Thus, to hold the stomach in place, there will be prevention of twisting, which results in GDV. Moreover, there is a wide variety of suitable techniques to perform gastropexy. The common technique includes making an incision on the outer side of the stomach, and the corresponding incision will lie on the body’s wall, to relocate the stomach.
The incision allows the user to ensure bleeding tissue. The veterinarian will make two suture lines on the stomach to allow the bleeding tissue of the body wall and stomach to contact each other. Once the incision heals, it will create the scar tissue connection to hold the stomach at a place.
Gastropexies can be dealt with laparoscopy, including cameras and instruments inserted with small cuts in the body’s wall. Other than that, the endoscopy assists in viewing the esophagus and stomach. Nevertheless, laparoscopy and endoscopy are not common, and it is available in some specific hospitals only.

Is post-operative care necessary after the GDV correction with gastropexy?

Yes, post-operative care is essential after prophylactic gastropexies, performed after spay and neuter surgery. Besides, no additional care is required after the spay and neuter surgical procedures. But GDV is complicated, so the patient should be kept under post-operative care for seven days to provide perfect healing. In addition, it becomes crucial for the patient to become calm in the healing duration, and they should not run and jump during the protective period. Furthermore, the pets should not go bathing or swimming, so the sutures and incisions remain dry. Additionally, the veterinarian will give some medications to the dogs.
Undoubtedly, gastropexies are performed in the case of an emergency, and mostly the dogs have completely developed GDV. Thus, post-operative care is required for the patients. Also, the condition of the pet is noticed. The dog will be hospitalized for some days, and when the recovery becomes obvious, they are sent home. The veterinarian will recommend prophylactic gastropexy medications and diet to protect the gastrointestinal tract.

To Sum Up

Generally, the gastric dilatation-volvulus is a condition due to the gas accumulation in the stomach, twisted stomach, failure of eructation, increased gastric shock and pressure. Plus, it can be acute rarely, but the acute cases become fatal rapidly. For instance, deep-chested dogs have a higher risk of developing GDV. Thus, rapid diagnosis and surgical management lead to a better prognosis for large-chest dogs. The cost of GDV correction with gastropexy is $3,500. All in all, the gastric dilatation-volvulus treatment is possible with the two techniques to save the life of your pet.