Resources
Educational Programs

Free research papers, books, videos, and more.

What Is Parathyroidectomy Procedure?

The parathyroid glands have ¼ inch diameter and are flat glands that play a vital role in maintaining the blood calcium levels in dogs and cats. In addition, these glands will indicate if the parathyroid hormone is secreting the right amount of calcium in the bloodstream. Commonly, parathyroid tumors are reported in cats and dogs. Additionally, there is no certain cause of parathyroidectomy. The Keeshonds are the common dog breeds with parathyroidectomy and should not be bought for breeding.
The dog needs to have pre-anesthetic blood work running to confirm if the surgery can be performed. It is decisive to identify the potential risk to the dog's health. Besides, the parathyroid masses will make the parathyroid gland enlarged and check if the dog can go under surgery. The veterinarian will provide the date for the dog's operation.
Before the surgical procedure starts, the neck of the dog should be cleaned and shaved. Next, the incision is made on the dog's neck and below the throat. After that, the layers of skin should be kept out of the way with the assistance of Gelpi retractors. Next, the surgeon will examine the glands to ensure that none of the growth of the tumor remains behind. Plus, the tumor is eradicated with bipolar cautery. In several cases, the gland will be affected and removed to ensure none of the parts remain behind, and then the incision is closed with staples.

Efficacy

The dog recovers from the parathyroidectomy in a few days. An incision on the damaged gland is crucial to cure the tumor. Another main factor of the surgery is that there should be no tumor left inside the animal's body. For instance, the gland should be savable, and another procedure should be performed to ensure none of the tumors remains behind. Plus, an ultrasound is necessary to check the condition of the tumor. Finally, a long needle is inserted to inject the ethanol and destroy the growth.

Parathyroidectomy Recovery

After the recovery, the dog needs to be monitored closely to ensure that all the organs are functioning properly. Plus, there are some immediate measures to be taken to resume the body's functioning normally. For instance, the dog should be supplementing with oral calcium and vitamin D. On the other side, dogs with high risk should be given supplementation. Hypocalcemia is crucial to prevent because it can also cause severe seizures and death. The parathyroid glands should be monitored to ensure the right calcium level in the body.

The pain medication is crucial to provide after some days of the procedure. The Elizabethan collar is best to prevent the dog from scratching on the incision. Besides that, a follow-up appointment is necessary to provide after a few weeks to access the healing. For instance, if the cancer is detected, the treatment plan will be started immediately.

Considerations

According to all kinds of surgical procedures, some potential complications can occur with the usage of anesthesia. For instance, the issue can occur due to the high calcium level in the body. In addition, there are some potential effects of cardiac issues. For example, approximately 10 percent of dogs have a chance to develop parathyroidectomy hypocalcemia, and it can be severely life-threatening. Additionally, the parathyroid gland should be removed to save the dog's life.

Prevention

Similar to other tumors, there is no obvious cause of parathyroid. Therefore, the studies have suggested that the problem is transferable in genes. Moreover, it is seen in the keeshond breed of the dogs. Besides, there are no similar chances that the disease could occur due to sex or age. Therefore, it is wise to know about dogs' health before buying them. Some dog breeds are susceptible to a high risk of tumors. The standard blood work and annual check-ups are necessary to know any disease or symptoms.