Efficacy Of The Sialocele Treatment By A Trained Veterinary Surgeon

A Comprehensive Analysis Of Sialocele Surgical Procedure

Sialocele and salivary mucocele is a saliva collection leaked from an affected gland or duct. It fluctuates and creates painless swelling in the oral cavity or the neck. However, a sialocele is also known as a salivary cyst (granulation tissues). The cysts can become large and will be pressing the animal’s trachea or larynx, so the animal will often cough. This condition occurs among less than 5 out of 1000 dogs. The removal of salivary glands and ducts through Sialocele surgery is a choice.

Classification of Sialocele

Several classifications of sialocele and salivary mucoceles are based on the glands from which the saliva is produced.

  • Cervical Mucocele: It is one of the most common mucocele types. It consists of saliva collection in the neck area, under the jaw, or between the jaws, known as the intermandibular region.
  • Sublingual mucocele (Ranula): The mucocele formation is on the mouth’s floor and the side of the tongue. It is frequently seen among the cervical mucocele.
  • Pharyngeal Mucocele: It is not a common type of mucocele, and this variation of mucocele will fill the throat with entire fluid accumulation.
  • Zygomatic Mucocele: It is another rare kind of mucocele in which the saliva originates from the small zygomatic saliva glands located below the eye.

Signs and Symptoms 

The enlarged soft, painless mass can be the development of the cervical mucocele in the intermandibular region. As a result, the pet will have difficulty eating and may have bleeding after chewing due to trauma on the mucocele.

Nevertheless, the pharyngeal mucocele is not detectable except if the oral cavity is observed with sedation. Also, the pets will be having respiratory distress because there will be the development of a mass in their throat that obstructs breathing.

It is a serious issue, and treatment like Sialocele surgery should be provided quickly because the pet can die from a respiratory disorder. Another common sign of pharyngeal mucocele is that it creates difficulty for the pet to swallow food.

This disease is found among dogs, and some susceptible breeds include Poodles, Australian Silky Terriers, Dachshunds, and German Shepherds. Also, this condition can occur at any age.

Sialocele in Cats

What a pickle it is when they fall victim to sialocele. Let's explore this issue further.

Understanding the Problem:

Cats, like other animals, may develop a sialocele. It's a saliva-filled cyst that's more than just a nuisance; it's uncomfortable for our feline friends.


  • Swelling near the jaw
  • Drooling
  • Difficulty eating

The Solution?

Trained veterinary surgeons have the expertise and experience to diagnose and treat sialocele in cats.

  • Diagnosis: Using ultrasound or CT scans, the problem is identified.
  • Treatment: A suitable sialocele surgery type is chosen depending on the severity.

Salivary Mucocele Dog Diagnosis

The diagnosis of salivary mucocele dog is quite simple. For instance, the soft and fluctuant swelling will be indicated if the pharyngeal mucocele. Besides, the mucoceles are not painful. However, the abscesses and tumors are similar in appearance, but they are unhappy and sometimes firm.

Rarely do the cervical mucoceles migrate to the midline over time, and it is tough to determine whether the problem is on the left or right side of the salivary glands. So, the veterinarian will examine the pet by resting them on their back as it allows the mucocele to migrate to the affected area.

Generally, laboratory abnormalities do not aid in diagnosing salivary mucocele. Similarly, the yellowish and thick ropy blood fluid with relatively less cell count is present in the saliva. Besides, the elevation in the white blood cells will indicate an infection or abscess in the salivary glands.

In addition, the special laboratory testing will assist in confirming the fluid type if there is any confusion. For example, X-rays will indicate the salivary mucoceles.

Sialocele Surgery Types

When treating a sialocele, veterinary surgeons have various approaches up their sleeves. The key here is finding the right fit for each unique case. Here's a peek into the different methods:

1. Marsupialization:

  • What is it? A process where the surgeon creates a pocket to drain the saliva.
  • How's it done? Stitching the sialocele to the skin allows continuous draining.
  • Why use it? Suitable for non-complicated sialoceles.

2. Lancing and Draining:

  • What is it? That is exactly what it sounds like - lancing the sialocele and draining the fluid.
  • How's it done? A needle or blade is used to puncture, and then the area is drained.
  • Why use it? Often used for short-term relief.

3. Surgical Removal:

  • What is it? Removing the affected salivary gland altogether.
  • How's it done? The surgeon carefully removes the gland and seals the area.
  • Why use it? Recommended for recurring sialoceles.

Sialocele Treatment

There is only one treatment for salivary mucocele salivary gland removal. However, continued aspiration is not the right solution for permanently removing the problem because it can reoccur until it is not removed with Sialocele surgery.

In addition, the ambition will create a risk of removing the bacteria from the salivary glands, and the infection will increase the complications to complete the surgical procedure effectively.

Removing the sublingual and mandibular glands on the mucocele's side is a common surgical procedure. Additionally, these glands will be removed together to avoid traumatization on the other. For instance, the mandibular gland is linked with large veins that can connect with the jugular vein.

The salivary gland removal requires dissection of the area that consists of essential nerves. The sublingual mucoceles are treatable by Marsupialization. This procedure includes the removal of the mandibular and sublingual glands, which assists in drainage into the mouth cavity. In addition, Marsupialization is used to excise the elliptical portion of the sublingual mucosa that lays over the mucocele and the oral connective tissue.

Sialocele Surgery Cost

A drain around the mucocele area commonly allows the fluid to pass until the wound heals. The all-inclusive Sialocele surgery Cost is $2,400.00 approximately.

Aftercare and Outcome

Suppose the drain is left in the surgical region; the pet will be experiencing the drainage for many days. It is necessary to change the bandaged wound.

But if the wound is not bandaged, apply a warm compress with a towel. The towel should be damp. It will assist in cleaning the skin and the surgical area. As well it encourages fluid drainage from the surgical area. Additionally, removing damaged salivary glands will prevent the dog from suffering from a dry mouth.

A trained surgeon commonly performs, other than that, postoperative complications. The fluid pocket seroma will develop where the cyst (mucocele) is present. It can be either drained or resolved on its own. After the Sialocele surgery, infections are not common. If the inadequate glandular tissue is eradicated, then the mucocele is not likely to reoccur.

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