Mastectomy - Conditions Considered, Risks, Procedure, & More

Mastectomy surgical procedure

Mastectomy veterinary surgery in pets is a significant medical procedure that warrants careful consideration. It becomes challenging for pet owners if their pets face this kind of situation. That's why a clear understanding of this procedure is very crucial. Now let's move on deeper to know the surgical procedure and much more about mastectomy surgery procedure,

What Is A Mastectomy in Pets?

A mastectomy surgery on a pet is a procedure that is performed to remove the mammary glands. Let's explore this topic more fully.

Types of Mastectomy Surgery Procedure in Pets

There are several types of mastectomy procedures that veterinarians perform on pets. They suggest the surgery depending on the condition and its severity:

  • Full Mastectomy: Involves the complete removal of the mammary gland. The vet performs this procedure when cancerous growths are present.
  • Partial Mastectomy: Only part of the mammary gland is removed. This can be an appropriate option when the problem is localized within the gland.
  • Radical Mastectomy: This procedure involves the removal of all the mammary glands and some surrounding tissues. It is generally reserved for more severe cases.

When is Mastectomy Recommended in Pets?

You're probably thinking, "Okay, but when does a pet need a surgical mastectomy?" Here's when it might be time:

  • Cancer: It's a nasty word, but a mastectomy can send it packing.
  • Recurring Infections: If infections keep coming back, consider a mastectomy.
  • Non-cancerous Tumors: A tumor might need to hit the road even if it's not cancer.

Main Culprit Mammary Tumors

Mammary tumors are common among female dogs, and most are 50% malignant. Nevertheless, dogs with malignant or benign tumors undergo surgical removal and biopsy. For instance, the size of tumors will predict whether the surgery has to be a lumpectomy or a single mastectomy. 

The surgeon will also recommend aggressive surgery involving removing the mammary chain. Mammary tumors in dogs are common in females that are spayed. The spaying will reduce the heat cycle and the risk of developing mammary tumors in dogs. For instance, the median age among the dogs who face mastectomy is 10 to 11 years.

Mastectomy Surgery Procedure

A complete plan addresses the mammary cells; the veterinarian will determine it. For instance, the least invasive procedure includes the removal of one or two mammary glands, which is possible with regional or local mastectomy. Nonetheless, preventing the spread of cancer in the remaining mammary tissues is crucial.

This is because the additional mammary growth remains inside the glands. Then the surgeon will recommend a unilateral or bilateral mastectomy surgery procedure.

The veterinarian will ask to fast the pet one night before the surgical procedure and remove the complications by providing general anesthesia. Painkillers are provided to prevent the pain, and after anesthetizing the patient, the mammary glands will be clipped, and all the contaminants are prevented.

Plus, the surgical drapes are ideal for maintaining the sterile surgery site. Further, the elliptical incision is made around the glands, including the healthy tissues. So, it is crucial to remove them around the mammary masses.

Next, the veterinarian will remove the skin, mammary tissues, and underlying fat of the mammary glands. Nevertheless, the muscle around the tissue should not be intact. The mammary and healthy tissues are excised with a scalpel. Also, the blood vessels are tied off to prevent bleeding. The tissues are preserved, and the veterinary pathologist does the evaluation. 

Moreover, the surgical wound, internal gaps, and mammary skin are closed with staples or absorbable sutures. Plus, the drains are placed to accumulate the fluid and make the healing easier. After providing anesthesia and assistance, monitoring the dog becomes essential during recovery.

Procedure's Efficacy

The reappearance of mammary tumors is common among dogs who have undergone a regional mastectomy. Other than that, the cancerous tumors will require chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of the treatment does not prove to be fruitful among mammary tumors in dogs.

For instance, sarcomas relate to shorter survival duration than carcinomas. Therefore, the prognosis of benign tumors is quite good. However, the reoccurrence of the mammary glands is also possible in the other glands. So, the prognosis of the cancerous substance is highly guarded if the tumor is spreading.

Recovery from Mammary Gland Surgery 

The regional mastectomy surgery procedure recovery is crucial to healing the suture completely. For instance, sutures removal happens after 10 to 14 days. Moreover, the veterinarian will prescribe painkillers and advises the owner to monitor the dog. In addition, the Elizabethan collar becomes necessary for the dog so it does not lick, bite, or scratch the suture and wound. Some veterinarians also recommend cage confinement and suggest accompanying complete supervision.

The veterinarian will be providing care for the bandage and its removal. Wound monitoring is essential to check the signs of bleeding, rupture, and infection. Immediate veterinary care becomes crucial if any sign is not ordinary. Additionally, if the drain is left in place, it is crucial to keep it clean. Moreover, the subsequent recovery includes regular follow-ups to check any symptoms of mammary masses. Another way of checking the signs consists of the follow-up with the radiographs.

Essential Considerations Before Mastectomy Surgery Procedure

Some complications can occur after post-mastectomy. For instance, the complications that can occur are infection, bleeding, and irritation in your pet's wound. So, it is crucial to monitor the pet's wound after the surgical procedure; otherwise, it could be life-threatening for them. Besides, there are high chances of mammary tumors reoccurring.

Prevention of Mastectomy

The best way to prevent mastectomy in the female dog is by spaying them. For instance, spaying the dog will reduce mammary tumors dogs. Also, there will be fewer chances of the dog becoming obese.

Mastectomy Surgery Cost

The mastectomy has an all-inclusive fee for pets under 22 pounds is $1,550 approximately, but the cost of one quadrant is $1750 approximately for pets who have more than 22 pounds weight. Each additional quadrant has a $400 cost.

The Conclusion

All in all, Dog mastectomy surgery is the procedure to remove the mammary glands that create abnormal growth of the mammary masses. Likewise, mammary masses are commonly found among female dogs, and the masses are tumorous. Thus, mammary masses require a surgical procedure to remove them because they are life-threatening.

However, regional mastectomy will be performed when the masses are regionally located around the mammary glands. This procedure is not more invasive than bilateral mastectomy and involves the removal of the mammary glands from both sides. In addition, the mammary glands which remain inside the body can be highly susceptible to abnormal tumor growths. Also, the patient is given general anesthesia to remove the associated tissue abnormal cells and prevent malignant cells.

Also, learn about nephrectomy surgery to give your pets a healthy life.